Middle eastern bamboo flute

The Middle Eastern Bamboo Flute, also known as the Ney, is a wind instrument that is popular in the Middle East, Central Asia, and some parts of Africa. The instrument is made of a hollow piece of bamboo or reed with finger holes along its length. The sound is produced by blowing air into the instrument and controlling the airflow with the fingers.


The Ney has been played for over 5,000 years and is believed to have originated in ancient Persia. It was traditionally played by shepherds and was later adopted by Sufi mystics as a way to reach a higher spiritual state.

Middle eastern bamboo flute


The Ney is typically made from a single piece of bamboo or reed that has been hollowed out and shaped. The length of the instrument varies depending on the pitch of the note it is intended to produce. The instrument has six finger holes on the front and one on the back. The player covers and uncovers the holes to change the pitch of the note played.

See also: Bamboo flute in Pakistan

Playing Techniques

Playing the Ney requires a lot of skill and practice. The player must control their breath and airflow to produce a clear and steady sound. The finger holes must be covered and uncovered with precision to produce the right notes. The player can also use techniques such as vibrato and glissando to add expression to their playing.


The Ney is a popular instrument in Middle Eastern and Central Asian music. It is often used in traditional folk music, as well as in classical and religious music. The instrument has a unique and haunting sound that is said to be able to evoke deep emotions in the listener.

Famous Ney Players

Some of the most famous Ney players in history include:

  • Mohammad Reza Shajarian (Iran)
  • Niyazi Sayin (Turkey)
  • Hossein Omoumi (Iran)
  • Salim Ghazi Saeedi (Iran)


The Middle Eastern Bamboo Flute, or Ney, is a beautiful and unique instrument with a rich history and cultural significance. It requires skill and practice to play, but the result is a beautiful and haunting sound that can evoke deep emotions in the listener. If you’re interested in learning more about the Ney, there are many resources available online and in music stores.