How to play dizi Chinese bamboo flute

Playing the dizi, a traditional Chinese bamboo flute is a beautiful way to express oneself musically. It is an instrument with a long history and is widely used in traditional Chinese music. If you are interested in learning how to play the dizi, then this guide is for you. Here are the steps to follow:

Acquiring a Dizi

The first step in learning how to play the dizi is to acquire one. There are several types of dizis available in the market, ranging from beginner to professional levels. Here are some factors to consider when acquiring a dizi:

  • Material: Dizis can be made from bamboo, plastic, or jade. Bamboo is the most commonly used material and is recommended for beginners.
  • Key: The key of the dizi determines the pitch of the sound it produces. The most common keys are D, C, and Bb.
  • Brand: It is important to buy a dizi from a reputable brand to ensure quality and durability.
How to play dizi Chinese bamboo flute

Assembling the Dizi

Once you have acquired a dizi, the next step is to assemble it. This involves attaching the headjoint to the body. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Hold the dizi with the embouchure hole facing up.
  2. Insert the head joint into the body, making sure it fits snugly.
  3. Turn the head joint clockwise until it is secured in place.

Holding the Dizi

Holding the dizi correctly is crucial to producing a good sound. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Hold the dizi with your left hand, using your thumb to support the bottom.
  2. Use your right hand to cover the six finger holes, with your index finger covering the first hole closest to the embouchure hole.
  3. Relax your hands and arms to avoid tension.

Producing Sound

Now that you have assembled and held the dizi correctly, the next step is to produce sound. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Place your lips on the embouchure hole and blow gently.
  2. Adjust the angle of the dizi until you produce a clear sound.
  3. Use your fingers to cover and uncover the finger holes to produce different notes.

See also: DIY chinese bamboo flute

Practicing Techniques

Practicing the following techniques is essential to mastering the dizi:

  1. Vibrato: This involves gently shaking the dizi to produce a vibrato effect.
  2. Glissando: This involves sliding the fingers from one hole to another to produce a smooth transition between notes.
  3. Tonguing: This involves using the tongue to create a clear separation between notes.


Playing the dizi can be a fulfilling and rewarding experience. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you will be well on your way to mastering the dizi. Remember to practice regularly and be patient with yourself. With dedication and perseverance, you can become a skilled dizi player.