How to make dizi Chinese bamboo flute

Making a Chinese bamboo flute, commonly known as dizi, is a fascinating process that requires patience, creativity, and a keen attention to detail. The dizi is a traditional Chinese musical instrument made from bamboo that has been enjoyed for centuries. In this article, we will go through a step-by-step guide on how to make dizi Chinese bamboo flute.

Materials Required

Before we begin, you will need to gather the materials necessary to make a dizi Chinese bamboo flute. Here is a list of the materials you will require:

  • A bamboo
  • A saw
  • A file
  • Sandpaper
  • A drill
  • A knife
  • A ruler
  • A pen or a pencil
  • A silk thread
  • Beeswax

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Preparing the Bamboo

The first step in making a dizi Chinese bamboo flute is to select a suitable bamboo. Look for a bamboo that is straight, dry, and free from any cracks or blemishes. The ideal length of the bamboo for a dizi flute is around 60 centimeters.

Once you have selected the bamboo, saw it to the desired length. Next, file the ends of the bamboo to remove any rough edges.

How to make dizi Chinese bamboo flute

Step 2: Marking the Holes

Using a ruler, mark six evenly spaced holes on the top of the bamboo. The first hole should be approximately 10 centimeters from the top of the bamboo. The last hole should be around 5 centimeters from the bottom of the bamboo.

See also: How to play dizi Chinese bamboo flute

Step 3: Drilling the Holes

Using a drill, carefully drill the holes at the marked points. Start with the smallest drill bit and work your way up to the largest. Be sure to drill straight and perpendicular to the bamboo to ensure that the holes are aligned.

Step 4: Shaping the Mouthpiece

Using a knife, shape the mouthpiece of the bamboo. The shape of the mouthpiece will affect the sound of the dizi flute. A flatter mouthpiece will produce a brighter sound, while a rounder mouthpiece will produce a mellower sound.

Step 5: Sanding the Bamboo

Using sandpaper, sand the surface of the bamboo. Start with a rough grit sandpaper and gradually work your way up to a finer grit sandpaper. Sanding will smooth out any rough edges and give the bamboo a polished finish.

Step 6: Thread the Bamboo

Using a silk thread, wrap the bamboo tightly at the ends of the holes. This will prevent the bamboo from cracking or splitting over time.

Step 7: Applying Beeswax

Apply a small amount of beeswax to the thread to seal the bamboo. This will protect the bamboo from moisture and prevent it from swelling.

Step 8: Playing the Dizi Chinese Bamboo Flute

To play the dizi Chinese bamboo flute, hold the instrument vertically with the mouthpiece facing upwards. Cover the first hole with your left thumb and blow into the mouthpiece. Move your fingers up and down the holes to produce different notes.


Making a dizi Chinese bamboo flute is a rewarding experience that can be enjoyed by anyone with a love for music and a passion for creativity. With the right materials and a bit of patience, anyone can make their own dizi Chinese bamboo flute and enjoy the beautiful sounds of this traditional instrument.